27 Sep Public Transportation Widely Used in Jakarta
As the Nation’s capital and the city of trade and entertainment, Jakarta has millions of inhabitants from all over Indonesia. With a high population density, the residents need affordable, safe and comfortable public transportation to ease their mobility from one place to another. The DKI Jakarta administration has put efforts in providing public transportation that can reduce traffic since 2001. There are now many choices of affordable public transportation that the residents of Jakarta and its surrounding can use.
Here are the widely used public transportation systems:
Transjakarta or often called “busway” is a BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system adopted from TransMilenio which has been a success in Bogota, Colombia. Transjakarta has currently a 208-km long track, 228 bus shelters, and 12 corridors operating 24 hours. Transjakarta was firstly introduced in 2004 with an introductory fare of Rp 2,000 and it went up to Rp 3,500 in 2012. Every day, 350,000 passengers use this public transportation system heading to several destinations in the city. Passengers used to buy the tickets cash. Now everyone uses electronic cards. These cards are prepaid electronic money cards that can be purchased at Transjakarta counters. Transjakarta cooperates with several private and state banks in issuing these cards. If you run out of credits, you can put in more credit in Transjakarta counters or at the ATM.
2. Comuter Line
Kereta Rel Listrik (Electric Railway) is a public transportation system managed by PT KAI (Indonesian Railway Company) serving passengers in Jabodetabek (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi). Since 2011, this subsidiary of PT KAI that manages the electric railway in Jabodetabek has modernized itself by providing specific carriages for women, rearranging every station, adding security officers and improving the payment system to be more practical. Travelling by train is faster. It is traffic-congestion free and it can accommodate many passengers in one trip. Therefore, the Commuter Line passengers keep on increasing by the day. Every day, 700,000 passengers use the Commuter Line service and it is expec
,000 in 2019.
Like Transjakarta, Commuter Line passengers can now use the available prepaid cards. There are two choices: one-trip cards and multiple-use cards. If a passenger only uses the Commuter Line once, he or she must pay a deposit that can be retrieved in the destination station with a maximum of 7-day exchange. Meanwhile, the multiple-use card is a prepaid card in which one can put credits with a minimum amount of money and can be used in all KRL stations in Jabodetabek. To ease the passengers, the prepaid cards that can be used for Transjakarta can also be utilized to use the Commuter
Bajaj or usually read as bajee is three-wheel motorized vehicle widely used in Jakarta. It has one wheel in the front and two wheels in the back with a capacity of 2-3 passengers. Most bajaj currently use natural gas as fuel which is a green fuel and doesn’t cause disturbing noise pollution. Some principal streets in Jakarta don’t allow these vehicles to pass such as Jalan Gatot Subroto, Jalan Jend Sudirman, and Jalan Mh Thamrin. But you can still find them in small streets, residential areas and some tourist venues such as Monas (National Monument) and Kota Tua (Old Town)
4. Kopaja and Metromini
Other public transportation systems widely used by Jakarta residents are medium-sized buses called Kopaja and Metromini. Metromini’s distinct feature is its red, blue and orange colors with a white line in the middle. This bus can accommodate 20-30 passengers passing through many routes in Jakarta. It has now specific sings and numbers; such as the ones with initial S serving South Jakarta, T serving East Jakarta, U serving North Jakarta, B serving West Jakarta and P serving Central Jakarta. Metromini has become a renowned transportation system due to its affordable fare of Rp 4,000 for a regular passenger and Rp 1,000 for students.
Another bus other than Metromini that is widely used is Kopaja or Koperasi Angkutan Jakarta (Jakarta Transportation Cooperative). What differ Kopaja with other buses is its green-and-white color scheme on its vehicles. Its capacity is to accommodate around 25 passengers, or even more during peak hours during the morning and late afternoon. Its fare is the same as Metromini, except for the Kopaja AC (Air Conditioned) which travels in the Transjakarta lane. Its fare is Rp 7,000. Some Kopaja routes are now integrated into the Transjakarta such as the corridor Ragunan-Grogol, Senen-Lebak Bulus, Ragunan-Monas and Ragunan-Tanah Abang
5. Online Ojek
One transportation system widely used due to its practicality and being able to penetrate the traffic congestion during heavy rain or flood is ojek. It is a transportation that uses motorcycles to take passengers to their destinations. The fare is paid to the motorcyclist. You can easily find numerous ojek drivers around stations, terminals, bus stops and close by residential areas which are difficult to be reached by other public transportation systems.
Ever since 2015, online ojek services have been surfacing. It is a service that uses applications connecting passengers and ojek drivers through android or apple-based smartphones. Some of these services are Gojek, Grabbike, Bluejek and Ladyjek. With these applications, the fare that passengers pay becomes more affordable; and ojek drivers become more disciplined and they have permanent incomes. Ojek nowadays not only take passengers, but they also can deliver cargo, do grocery shopping in supermarkets, clean houses and provide beauty care in homes.